A History of China - download pdf or read online

By J. A. G. Roberts (auth.)

ISBN-10: 0333654269

ISBN-13: 9780333654262

ISBN-10: 1349277045

ISBN-13: 9781349277049

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Two quotations from the Analects illustrate this concept. In the first, Zi Lu, one of Confucius's disciples, asked about the gentleman. ' In another passage Confucius distinguished between the gentleman, who is superior not because of breeding but because of superior moral accomplishments, and the small man. 'The gentleman,' he said, 'understands what is moral. '6 Confucius constantly emphasized the importance of education and of self-cultivation, and thus established a respect for book-learning which was to last throughout the imperial period.

The gentleman,' he said, 'understands what is moral. '6 Confucius constantly emphasized the importance of education and of self-cultivation, and thus established a respect for book-learning which was to last throughout the imperial period. Self-cultivation was not only a matter of scholarship, it was also a commitment to learning how to behave. The essential quality was jen, a term often translated as benevolence, but which also connoted dealing with other human beings as a man ideally should.

1250 Be, was discovered intact in 1976. It contained about two hundred bronze vessels, some in the shape of animals. The bronzes in Fu Hao's tomb are much larger than those found in some other aristocratic graves, and this has been taken as a sign of social stratification. From the evidence of the oracle bones and bronze vessels, and from the burial practices followed, some understanding may be obtained of Shang religion. The Shang people worshipped many deities, most of whom were royal ancestors, some were nature THE PREHISTORY AND EARLY HISTORY OF CHINA 7 spirits, and others perhaps derived from popular myths or local cults.

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A History of China by J. A. G. Roberts (auth.)


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